Young injecting drug users and the risk of HIV/AIDS psycho-social and environmental constraints on safer drug using and sexual behaviour by Wendy Loxley

Cover of: Young injecting drug users and the risk of HIV/AIDS | Wendy Loxley

Published by Curtin University of Technology, National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse in Perth, W. A .

Written in English

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  • Australia,
  • Western Australia.


  • AIDS (Disease) in adolescence -- Australia -- Western Australia.,
  • Intravenous drug abuse -- Australia -- Western Australia.,
  • Youth -- Drug use -- Australia -- Western Australia.,
  • Intravenous drug abusers -- Health and hygiene -- Australia -- Western Australia.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementWendy Loxley.
ContributionsCurtin University of Technology. National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse.
LC ClassificationsRJ387.A25 L69 1998
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 315 p. :
Number of Pages315
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6883517M
ISBN 101863427082
LC Control Number00456090

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Get this from a library. Young injecting drug users and the risk of HIV/AIDS: psycho-social and environmental constraints on safer drug using and sexual behaviour. [Wendy Loxley; Curtin University of Technology. National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse.]. Non-injecting Drug Users, Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS Non-injecting Drug Users, Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS 3.

the overlap of injecting drug use and high-risk sexual. Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries describes the evidence on the intermediate outcomes of drug-related risk and sex-related risk.

Salim S. Abdool Karim, in Sande's HIV/AIDS Medicine, Harm reduction for injection drug users. Globally, there are approximately million injecting drug users, 3 million of whom are aureusid.comgh the majority of injecting drug users reside in low- and middle-income countries, especially in Eastern Europe, East and Southeast Asia, and Latin America, new epidemics of injecting.

At the end ofsome million people were living with HIV (UNAIDS, ).An estimated million people were newly infected with HIV in (UNAIDS, ). While sub-Saharan Africa remains hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, major epidemics are also emerging in other parts of the world, mainly as a result of injecting drug use.

In order to fully appreciate the value of this subculture for its participants and its relevance to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, there must be a focus on the daily context of habitual drug use. HIV/AIDS research includes all medical research which attempts to prevent, treat, or cure HIV/AIDS, along with fundamental research about the nature of HIV as an infectious agent, and about AIDS as the disease caused by HIV.

Many governments and research institutions participate in HIV/AIDS aureusid.comcations: Opportunistic infections, tumors. Introduction: Injection drug use is a major risk factor for HIV infection in the United States and numerous other countries.

In the United States, injecting drug users (IDU) now account for more than one third of new AIDS cases (nearly double the proportion of 5 years ago), and for a majority of new HIV infections.

Aug 27,  · If you keep injecting drugs, here are some ways to lower your risk for getting HIV and other infections: Use only new, sterile needles and works each time you inject. Many communities have needle exchange programs where you can get new needles and works, and some pharmacies may sell needles without a prescription.

ADOLESCENT HIV IS A SEPARATE EPIDEMIC. Adolescent HIV/AIDS is a separate epidemic and needs to be handled and managed separately from adult HIV as not only they face problems in accepting their HIV status, need for life long treatment and other positive family members but also have sad memories of their lost parent and a big question mark in the future regarding health, education, carrier.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. UNAIDS. The Global HIV/AIDS Program. GHAP. Global AIDS ME Team. GAMET. MoT Country Team.

National Trends. y Injecting drug use is now a well established pattern of drug use in this part of the country y Most of the IDUs are young employed men, many of whom are married y Both married and unmarried IDUs alike report indulging in high risk sexual behaviours y The spouses of IDUs remain at risk of transmission on account of lower levels of HIV.

Little attention has been given to these risk behaviors in most HIV/AIDS prevention interventions aimed at injection drug users. In an in-depth ethnographic study, Koester and Hoffer () reported that only 7 percent of the injectors they interviewed in their study were aware that these behaviors represented any type of risk of becoming Bleach Distribution Programs, Jacques Normand, David Vlahov, Lincoln E.

Moses. HIV prevention refers to practices that aim to prevent the spread of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV prevention practices may be undertaken by individuals to protect their own health and the health of those in their community, or may be instituted by governments and community-based organizations as public health policies.

The social geography of HIV/AIDS among injection drug users in Brazil. International Journal of Drug Policy. Volume (Issue): 13(2) pp. Abstract. The paper addresses the socio-geographical spread of HIV/AIDS among injection drug users (IDUs) in Brazil, highlighting patterns and trends of the epidemic in different Brazilian regions.

Questions and Answers about HIV/AIDS 2/ Table of Contents used drugs brought down the number of new cases among drug users Another major victory was the use of medications to prevent HIV from that puts you at risk for HIV and other STDs Too many young people think.

To characterize the circumstances surrounding initiation of injecting drug use, data were collected from young, recently initiated injection drug users enrolled through community-based.

Worldwide, most infections are transmitted between heterosexual partners. In some countries, men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, sex workers, transgender people and prisoners are.

An estimated % of new infections are associated with heterosexual sex, with the partners of sex workers and injecting drug users at increased risk Male-to-female sexual transmission of HIV is more efficient than female-to-male transmission, coupled with the fact that gender inequality, intimate partner violence and sexual violence are.

Mar 28,  · Internationally, he has worked on projects in Colombia (Emerging heroin markets leading to HIV epidemics among young injectors), Spain (HIV and HCV prevention among injection drug users) and the Ukraine (HIV treatment access and care cascade for people who inject drugs, DP1 DA). by: 9. Nov 01,  · The opioid misuse epidemic has substantially increased the transmission risk of blood-borne viruses, including hepatitis C virus and HIV, through injection drug use.

The following documents provide guidance on how to prepare for, detect, investigate and respond to an HIV or hepatitis C outbreak among people who inject drugs. In Uruguay, the NGO IDES developed a study to determine sex and drug use knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) in Montevideo, and a study on HIV/AIDS risk practices among commercial sex workers (CSW).

In Paraguay, the NGO PREVER contacted injection. 1 Helpdesk Report: Women, harm reduction practices, HIV/AIDS and women as injecting drug users Date: 20 May Query: A few key readings on women, harm reduction practices, HIV/AIDS and women as injecting drug users (IDUs).

Feb 04,  · HIV/AIDS progress. No studies or evaluations have been undertaken to measure the implication cost of loss of new funding opportunities for harm reduction and NEPs in Albania. HIV prevalence remains to be low among injecting drug users, but the number of Hepatitis Viral C among this group of population is increasing considerably.

Feb 17,  · Johnston LG, Holman A, Dahoma M, et al. HIV risk and the overlap of injecting drug use and high-risk sexual behaviours among men who have sex with men in Zanzibar (Unguja), Tanzania.

Int J Drug Policy. ;21(6)– PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar. In Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Central Asian Republics of Kazakhstan and Tajikistan, and further east in China, Iran, Malaysia, Indonesia and Vietnam, the majority of reported HIV infections and AIDS cases in arose not from sexual transmission but through needle-sharing behaviors among injecting drug users (IDU).

While the numbers of. Jul 08,  · Young injection drug users (IDUs) are at risk for acquiring blood-borne diseases like HIV and Hepatitis C. Little is known about the population prevalence of young IDUs. We (1) estimate annual Cited by: Fieldwork --Belarus: Involving young people, non-governmental organizations and the target population in preventing HIV/AIDS --Bulgaria: Outreach work on HIV/AIDS prevention among out-of-treatment injecting drug users --Lithuania: Facilitating access to services for out-of-treatment drug users --Lithuania: Developing substitution treatment as.

HIV and injecting. Some users who inject drugs share their ‘works’ with other users. Tiny traces of blood left in the syringe, on the needle or on other equipment used to make injection possible can carry the HIV virus, hepatitis B and C and other blood-borne infections.

Some drug users have passed HIV to each other in this way. AIDS is caused by a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which originated in non-human primates in Central and West various sub-groups of the virus acquired human infectivity at different times, the global pandemic had its origins in the emergence of one specific strain – HIV-1 subgroup M – in Léopoldville in the Belgian Congo (now Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the.

The AIDS Photographs, in both book and exhibition formats, operated through multiple strategies to avoid contributing to the media tropes that British activist and historian Simon Watney called “the spectacle of AIDS” in which affected queer bodies (and, I would add, the bodies of intravenous drug users) are portrayed only in extremis.

Injecting drug users. While data from the IBBS survey revealed that injecting drug users (IDUs) were to a lesser extent affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the six states surveyed, % of this population was HIV positive with FCT having the greatest prevalence rate which was %.Cited by: Policy Guidelines for the Collaborative TB and HIV Services for Injecting and Other Drug Users: An Integrated Approach WHO/UNODC/UNAIDS, [PDF, 2MB] Combating the Twin Epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Drug Addiction:Opportunities for Progress and Gaps in Scale Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), January [PDF, MB].

Oct 01,  · Needle-syringe exchange programs reduce rates of HIV, hepatitis C, and high-risk injecting behavior without increasing drug use, number of PWID, or needles discarded in an unsafe manner – 45 Author: Adam J. Visconti, Jarrett Sell, Aaron David Greenblatt.

YPSA, a leading organization in Chittagong regarding the HIV/AIDS arena, worked specifically with Injecting Drug Users and heroin smokers as a means to prevent the potential spread of HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh.

Initiative. YPSA opened four drop in centers for drug users in the Parhatali, Bandartila, Chawkbazar and Madarbari area. Jul 15,  · National HIV/AIDS Program Coverage with expansion Injecting Drug Users, female Sex Workers, Young People and Garement Workers by GFATM resources Bachte hole Jante Hobe The communication campaign has created impact Programmatic Interventions: “Bachtehola Jante Hobe” – A National campaign on HIV prevention Incarceration is associated with substantial short-term increases in HIV and HCV acquisition risk among PWID and could be a significant driver of HCV and HIV transmission among PWID.

These findings support the need for developing novel interventions to minimise the risk of HCV and HIV acquisition, including addressing structural risks associated with drug laws and excessive incarceration of by: In response to the global HIV/AIDS pandemic, The United Methodist Church will work cooperatively with colleague churches in every region.

The Bible is replete with calls to nations, religious leaders, and faithful people to address the needs of those who are suffering, ill, and in distress.

Substance abuse, specifically the use of illicit drugs that are administered intravenously, continues to play a role in the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) among adolescents and young adults (youth). Risks of HIV-1 infection may result from direct exposure to contaminated blood through sharing of injection drug equipment and from unsafe sexual practices (while under.

Drug users have high rates of HIV infection, mainly due to unsafe injecting behaviour. Drug users also have increased rates of TB infection, whether living with HIV or not.

HIV infection greatly increases the risk of transition from TB infection to TB disease. More than 80% of all HIV infections in eastern countries in the WHO European Region occur among injecting drug users (IDU). In the Russian Federation and Ukraine, IDU account for the majority of infected people (93% and 69%, respectively).

Overall, access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) varies.HIV Increasing Among Teens and Young Adults we need to increase prevention efforts among youth and specifically tailor these programs to those at highest risk." HIV/AIDS continue to disproportionately affect the state's African-American communities at all ages.

HIV trends among injecting drug users are showing significant declines from.The national response to HIV started focusing on Most At Risk Groups in and so far included 9 cities where injection drug users and sex workers receive prevention and harm reduction services and 12 HIV care centers where nearly patients receive antiretroviral drugs.

Philippines. The Philippines has a relatively low incidence of HIV/AIDS.

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